Director Philipp Stölzl

Philipp Stölzl

Interview with the director of North Face

Feb 11, 2010 Web Exclusive
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In making North Face (Nordwand), an adventure film about alpinists ascending the most dangerous rock face in the Alps, German writer/director Philipp Stölzl and cinematographer Kolja Brandt disregarded such Hollywood films as Cliffhanger and Vertical Limit and aimed instead for the authenticity of the documentary/reenactment film Touching the Void. Set in 1936, North Face is based on the true story of Toni Kurz (Benno Fürmann) and Andi Hinterstoisser (Florian Lukas), two climbers who attempted to be the first to scale the Eiger, a treacherous mountain in the Swiss Alps, at a time when Nazi propagandists urged German mountaineers to achieve such deadly feats. Stölzl and Brandt shot the film in the Bernese Oberland area of Switzerland, where the Eiger stands, using real-life alpinists as stunt doubles to capture frequently impressive shots of the ascent. The Eiger is distinctive not only for its massive, 1,800-meter-high (5,900 ft.) North Face, but also the Jungfraubahn, a railway that runs through tunnels inside the mountain.

Stölzl previously has directed music videos for performers ranging from Rammstein to Madonna to Luciano Pavarotti, and prior to North Face, he was directing opera. His screenplay for North Face won a German Film Critics Award, and the film earned German Film Academy Awards for Best Sound Design and Brandt's cinematography. Stölzl discussed North Face with Under the Radar prior to its Los Angeles theatrical opening. The film will play in select cities through the upcoming months.

What was the biggest challenge in writing a screenplay based on true events? How much could you rely on research? For instance, we are given specific dates and times during certain stages of the climb.

The biggest challenge was surely to meld the fictional elements of the screenplay, the love story for example, with the historic facts. It took us quite some time to find the right balance. What we know about the true event is a puzzle of proven information and assumptions. There is quite some stuff people saw through the binoculars from the luxury hotel below the North Face. As long as the weather was clear, they saw when the climbers were at what point, when they gave up and turned, etc. And there is other information Toni Kurz shouted down to the Swiss mountain guides, who were trying to save him, before he died. Also the corpses of the other climbers, who were found later on the wall base, also gave some indication how things went. 

I read that your cinematographer Kolja Brandt spent three months training for the shoot. What kinds of preparations were important for you in order to attain the authenticity of the film's climbing sequences?

Kolja basically started climbing for this movie--and got totally hooked. He is just now on a pretty tough climbing expedition in South America. To get the film authentic, all actors went into climbing training for almost a year and we had a specialist on board that made sure the climbing techniques were historically accurate. Climbing was very different back in the '30s, not only in gear and knots, etc., but also in climbing style.

By today's standards, how safe was the equipment that Kurz and Hinterstoisser used? Would anyone today climb with the same equipment?

Climbing back then definitely required some courage; clothing wasn't made to resist bad weather, the hemp ropes were super dangerous in case of a fall, the hobnailed boots are difficult to climb with. Stephan Siegrist, a Swiss top mountaineer climbed the Eiger North Face once with the old equipment as an experiment. He says it was a nightmare. 

I would imagine that this was a difficult shoot. Of course, you want the shoot to go as smoothly and easily as possible, but in the times when it became physically demanding, did you ever think that the difficulty was appropriate, given what Kurz, Hinterstoisser and their colleagues endured?

We definitely got a sense of how hard it must have been for these boys. We shot a part of the movie in pretty tough snowstorm situations at the Eiger. Another part of it was shot in a minus-15-degrees-Celsius freezer that we used as a studio. Everyone was very happy when that was finally done.  

What was it like shooting in the Bernese Oberland area? Were there many structures that still stand as they were in 1936? What about the Jungfraubahn? How much has that changed? 

The region was very helpful to us. They supported us with experienced mountain guides and helicopter pilots. The Jungfraubahn hasn't changed much, just the trains are new and they are totally overcrowded with Japanese tourists these days. Logistically, the train is of great help for the shoot. You can load all your equipment in, stop in the middle of the tunnel inside the mountain, carry your stuff through a drift, open a wooden door, and then you are right in the middle of the North Face!

How do German audiences these days respond to films that are set during the Nazi era? Is there any kind of aversion to them, or does there remain curiosity about that period in history? 

The Germans are very used to being faced with this period. There are a lot of movies that are set in this time. This permanent contention with our dark past is a part of our national identity. A good thing, in my opinon.  

In making the film, did you discover anything about 1930s Germany that surprised you, either positively or negatively?

How much mountaineering became a part of the Nazi propaganda was surprising for me. I didn't know it had that scale. Most of the stuff the journalist Arau is talking about is taken from speeches of Nazi sport officials. 

What was the most difficult scene for your actors to endure?

The last bivouac before the climbers descend. We shot that in the freezer and made our own snowstorm with wind machines and real snow from snow canons we rented from ski resorts. The actors were literally covered with ice in the shot. 

There are times when the sound design of the film is especially important--for example, when the characters' voices barely can be heard calling out through the storm. How meticulous were you about sound?

It took quite some time to get that right. Fortunately, I had some fantastic sound designers on board. They even won a prize for their work on Nordwand, well earned. 

What project are you working on now?

I am just editing my next movie, which I shot last summer. It is a historic movie about legendary German writer Johann Goethe, set in the late 18th century.

www.northfacethemovie.com

www.musicboxfilms.com



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helicopters for sale
February 21st 2010
12:14pm

Great to see you had experienced helicopter pilots. Can never be to careful in the mountains.